dialect

dialect [dī′ə lekt΄]
n.
[L dialectus < Gr dialektos, discourse, discussion, dialect < dialegesthai, to discourse, talk < dia, between (see DIA-) + legein, to choose, talk (see LOGIC)]
1. the sum total of local characteristics of speech
2. Rare the sum total of an individual's characteristics of speech; idiolect
3. popularly any form of speech considered as deviating from a real or imaginary standard speech
4. Linguis.
a) a form or variety of a spoken language, including the standard form, peculiar to a region, community, social group, occupational group, etc.: in this sense, dialects are regarded as being, to some degree, mutually intelligible while languages are not mutually intelligible
b) any language as a member of a group or family of languages [English is a West Germanic dialect]
adj.
of or in a dialect [dialect ballads]
dialectal
adj.
dialectally
adv.
SYN.- DIALECT, in this comparison, refers to a form of a language peculiar to a locality or group and differing from the standard language in matters of pronunciation, syntax, etc.; VERNACULAR today commonly refers to the informal or colloquial variety of a language as distinguished from the formal or literary variety; CANT1, in this connection, refers to the distinctive stock words and phrases used by a particular sect, class, etc. [clergymen's cant]; JARGON1 is used of the special vocabulary and idioms of a particular class, occupational group, etc., esp. by one who is unfamiliar with these; ARGOT refers esp. to the secret jargon of thieves and tramps; LINGO is a humorous or mildly contemptuous term applied to any language, dialect, or jargon by one to whom it is unintelligible

English World dictionary. . 2014.

Synonyms:

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  • dialect — DIALÉCT, dialecte, s.n. 1. Ramificaţie teritorială a unei limbi, cuprinzând adesea mai multe graiuri. 2. (impr.) Grai. 3. (impr.) Limbă. [pr.: di a ] – Din fr. dialecte, lat. dialectus. Trimis de romac, 03.03.2004. Sursa: DEX 98  DIALÉCT s. ( …   Dicționar Român

  • dialect — n 1 Dialect, vernacular, patois, lingo, jargon, cant, argot, slang denote a form of language or a style of speech which varies from that accepted as the literary standard. Dialect (see also LANGUAGE 1) is applied ordinarily to a form of a… …   New Dictionary of Synonyms

  • dialect — is the language form of a region, and varies from the standard language in matters of vocabulary, grammar, and pronunciation. Some dialects are also related to social class and ethnic origin. The dialects of the United Kingdom are recorded in… …   Modern English usage

  • Dialect — Di a*lect, n. [F. dialecte, L. dialectus, fr. Gr. ?, fr. ? to converse, discourse. See {Dialogue}.] 1. Means or mode of expressing thoughts; language; tongue; form of speech. [1913 Webster] This book is writ in such a dialect As may the minds of… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • dialect —    Dialect identifies groups within a language. Some people’s speech displays features differentiating it from that used by members of other groups, although those belonging to either group can communicate with each other without excessive… …   Encyclopedia of contemporary British culture

  • dialect — dialect; in·ter·dialect; trans·dialect; …   English syllables

  • dialect — (n.) 1570s, form of speech of a region or group, from M.Fr. dialecte, from L. dialectus local language, way of speaking, conversation, from Gk. dialektos talk, conversation, speech; also the language of a country, dialect, from dialegesthai… …   Etymology dictionary

  • dialect — index language, phraseology, speech Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • dialect — [n] local speech accent, argot, cant, idiom, jargon, language, lingo, localism, patois, patter, pronunciation, provincialism, regionalism, slang, terminology, tongue, vernacular, vocabulary; concept 276 …   New thesaurus

  • dialect — ► NOUN ▪ a form of a language which is peculiar to a specific region or social group. DERIVATIVES dialectal adjective. ORIGIN originally in the sense «dialectic»: from Greek dialektos discourse, way of speaking …   English terms dictionary

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